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Artificial aids

"Glossary of the Terms and Definitions and of Processes Associated with Equitation, Equitation Science"
by Paul McGreevy and Andrew McLean reproduced with permission.
Equipment used to alter a horse‚ behaviour under-saddle or in-hand (e.g., whips, spurs). When employed correctly, these are generally used to negatively reinforce various locomotory responses and are most commonly used to fortify the light or natural cue to achieve the desired response. By convention, these are distinct from the natural cues since they do not involve direct use of parts of the rider‚ body.